PRESENT CONTINUOUS

It is usually with the Present Continuous that we get to learn special verbs, or we are told to tell normal verbs from... it must be, some other kinds of verbs. Granny has a trick, and Granny is going to see if the trick works with a grammar test.




https://travelingrammar.files.wordpress.com/2017/01/english-page-present-continuous.png
ENGLISH PAGE, THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS; CLICK TO ENLARGE

The matter here comes from the ENGLISH PAGE.

"Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now."

"In English, 'now' can mean: this second, today, this month, this year, this century, and so on. Sometimes, we use the Present Continuous to say that we are in the process of doing a longer action which is in progress; however, we might not be doing it at this exact second."

"It is important to remember that Non-Continuous Verbs cannot be used in any continuous tenses. Instead of using Present Continuous with these verbs, you must use Simple Present."


*****


Granny says, you have to use a trick sometimes. If 'now' meant a century in English, she never could have hot dinner with grandpa. Then, at some abstract table, with cold salmon, we would have to hold a list of special verbs, to chat away for another year.

I am having a delicious dish,
grandpa usually says, when curious about a spice or another ingredient.

I'm hating you,
Jemma once shouted, when she was very little. Then, she learned she was to ask me or grandpa for the encyclopedia, also if she was making a model spaceship.

It has to be, there are no such special verbs, as non-continuous or stative verbs. There are ways we use verbs, and we can call them stative or non-continuous.

The stative way tells what exists. It stays ON our cognitive maps.

The dynamic way tells what does not always exist, or what we do not have for extending over entire cognitive extents.

I'm having a horrible day,
said Jim before his exams.


The matter is the same for all grammatical time, the Past and Future as well, not only the Present. Let us try these cognitive variables on a test, also by the ENGLISH PAGE. Granny's just taken it, to show you.

1.
a. Look, I have two tickets for the circus.
VARIABLE: {ON}

b. Look, I am holding two tickets for the circus.
VARIABLE: {IN}

Here, Granny says, it is evident the matter is about the way we use verbs. Granny could say, "Look, I hold two insurance policies". Granny would mean, "I have them". Granny has guessed the test expectation is to use one verb in the stative, and one verb in the dynamic way.

2.
a. We had been there for more than half an hour by the time the show began.
VARIABLE: {TO}; we make it marking a span {ON} an extent.

b. We had been waiting there for more than half an hour by the time the show began.
VARIABLE: {AT}; the variable comes from joining the values {TO} and {IN}

Granny says, we associate being with existence; waiting — not so much.


3.
a. Sam was sitting in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me.
VARIABLE: {IN}

b. Sam was in the seat next to me when the clown threw a bucket of water at me.
VARIABLE: {ON}

4.
a. One clown was juggling while he was balancing a glass of wine on his head.
VARIABLE: {IN}

b. One clown was juggling while he had a glass of wine on his head.
VARIABLE: {ON}

Granny says, we associate existence with having attributes or things; with circus vacillating acts — not at all.

5.
a. I have loved the circus ever since I was a child.
VARIABLE: {TO}; we make it marking a span {ON} an extent.

b. I have been going to the circus ever since I was a child.
VARIABLE: {AT}; the variable comes from joining the values {TO} and {IN}


Granny says, we also could say we have gone a place or event, but it may have association with completed things. Compare Granny Present Perfect.

6.
a. Right now, I see two elephants doing tricks in the ring.
VARIABLE: {ON}

b. Right now, I am looking at two elephants doing tricks in the ring
VARIABLE: {IN}

Granny says, eyesight is part regular existence, but not everything attracts focus.

Here is Granny's result, 100% correct.
https://travelingrammar.files.wordpress.com/2017/01/english-page-verb-tense-exercise-with-score.png
TEST RESULT; CLICK TO ENLARGE

Travel in Grammar has more on stative and dynamic verb uses.
CHAPTER 7. TIME IN THE MIND AND HEART